to sociologist Ralf Dahrendorf, the structural origins of conflict can be
traced to a. invention and innovation. b. decision-making powers of the power elite. c. authority structures. d. workers demands for higher wages.
1 points QUESTION 8 A
baby born is __________ has the worst chances of surviving the first year of
life. a. Afghanistan b. Mexico c. China d. Vietnam
1 points QUESTION 9 The
population pyramid for Niger can be labeled as _____ because it is broadest at
the base and each successive cohort is smaller than the one below. a. constrictive b. stationary c. expansive d. triangular
1 points QUESTION 10 Of
all discoveries and opinions, none may have exerted a greater effect on the
human spirit than the doctrine of Copernicus. The world had scarcely become
known as round and complete in itself when it was asked to waive the tremendous
privilege of being the center of the universe. Never, perhaps, was a greater
demand made on mankindfor by this admission so many things vanished in mist
and smoke! (Goethe 2004). This description describes a. a reformist movement. b. an anomaly. c. a paradigm. d. a scientific revolution.
1 points QUESTION 11 Which
one of the following is false about the United States with regard to health
care? a. The U.S. spends substantially more than other countries on
health care. b. Rising and expensive health care costs have made health care
unaffordable for many Americans. c. The U.S. is a leader in health care outcomes such as infant
mortality and life expectancy. d. The U.S. spends an amount on health care that is equal to
17.6% of GDP.
1 points QUESTION 12 Alcoholism,
violence, drug addiction, behavior problems (ADHD), aging, erectile
dysfunction, sadness, baldness, obesity, and short stature are conditions that
have been a. generalized. b. personalized. c. internalized. d. medicalized.
1 points QUESTION 13 Until
recently physicians have been the voice of authority. Physician authority has
been undermined by a number of factors. Which one is not one of
those factors? a. Other stakeholders have taken a visible and more active role
in deciding the diagnosis and course of treatment. b. Pharmaceutical companies market drugs directly to consumers. c. Patients are overwhelmed with information making them
apathetic patients. d. Insurance companies often set the terms of care and treatment.
1 points QUESTION 14 _____________
offers an explanation for why those in low-income and disadvantaged populations
have worse health outcomes and lower life expectancy than those in advantaged
populations. a. The theory of the demographic transition b. The theory of fundamental causes c. Theory of differential association d. Labeling theory
1 points QUESTION 15 Which
one of the following factors is least responsible for the decline in mortality
crises that accompany Stage 2 of the demographic transition? a. the discovery of antibiotics b. the manufacture of cheap cotton cloth c. the discovery of canning as a method for food preservation d. the development of winter fodder for cattle
1 points QUESTION 16 Which one of the following is considered a disease of poverty
(e.g. communicable)? a. Depression b. Malaria c. Heart disease d. Cancer
1 points QUESTION 17 The Global Warming Petition Project seeks to challenge other
social movements that demand reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. This
desire to maintain an existing social order suggests that the Petition Project
is a ____________________ movement. a. counter-revolutionary b. revolutionary c. reformist d. regressive
1 points QUESTION 18 White
argued that an invention will come into being when the cultural base is capable
of supporting an invention. White supported this conclusion by pointing to the
existence of a. patents. b. simultaneous-independent inventions. c. the scientific method. d. collaborative research.
1 points QUESTION 19 Urban
sprawl has contributed to an increased dependence on fossil fuels for which one
of the following reasons? a. People are more likely to live in sparsely populated rural
areas. b. People live in smaller homes, making them more likely to spend
more time in their cars. c. It spreads development beyond cities and makes people
dependent on automobiles. d. It causes more people to live within city boundaries, placing
extra strain on power grids.
1 points QUESTION 20 Highways
and automobiles have created _____ and making it difficult to distinguish
between city, suburbs, and nonurban environments a. urban sprawl b. planned obsolescence c. an anomaly d. globalization
1 points QUESTION 21 Which
one of the following factors represents an example of a push factor? a. favorable climate b. natural disaster c. equal opportunity d. employment opportunities
1 points QUESTION 22 _______________
is formed when a substantial number of people organize to change, to resist
change, or undo change in some area of society. a. A social movement b. A scientific revolution c. Resource mobilization d. A basic innovation
1 points QUESTION 23 During
World War II hundreds of thousands of soldiers were injured by machine gun
shrapnel. The need to restore lost blood resulting from these injuries
motivated doctors to create a system of collecting and preserving blood plasma.
This dynamic supports the idea that a. conflict can lead to change. b. the actions of leaders influence who is in charge of a situation. c. paradigm shifts help people to see the world in new ways. d. power resides in the position of physician.
1 points QUESTION 24 For
many people, the idea that animals, rocks and plants should be treated with
respect is a new idea. In this sense it is a a. improving
innovation. b. paradigm
shift. c. social movement. d. regression.
1 points QUESTION 25 A personal confined to a
wheelchair has the ability to cook, but because stoves were designed for people
who can stand, a _____ has been imposed on them. a. medicalization b. disease of affluence c. disability d. mortality crisis
1 points QUESTION 26 Inventors
may be geniuses, but they also must be born in the right place and at the right
time; this means that a. inventors must be born in a capitalist country free of
government control. b. people must perceive their inventions as useful. c. they must live in a society with a cultural base sufficiently
developed to support their invention. d. the society into w